Born on February 26, 1802, Victor Hugo is a celebrated French
author, best known for his novels Notre-Dame
de Paris and Les Misérables. A
leading figure of the Romantic Movement, Hugo was also a poet and dramatist.
Although he obtained a law degree, Hugo was much more interested in
writing. Encouraged by his mother to follow his passion, young Victor founded a
review, the Conservateur Littéraire, in
which he published his work and the work of his friends.
Hugo was only 20 years old
when his first volume of poetry Odes et
Poésies Diverses, established his reputation as a poet and earned him a
After the Revolution of 1848, when Napoleon III came into power, Hugo was banished from his country as he did not share the same political views. He remained in exile for nearly 19 years -– this was the most productive period of his life, in which he wrote some of his best work (including Les Misérables).
Hugo’s writings showcase emotion, love, beauty, and his deep humanitarian beliefs. He was among the most important cultural figures of his time and continues to be one in the modern world.